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What Are the Drugs Commonly Used in IV Sedation?

If you’re terribly anxious about your upcoming dental procedure, you’re not alone. Dental anxiety affects about 36% of the American population. However, thanks to sedation dentistry in West Palm Beach, you can brace yourself for a comfortable and relaxing dental experience.

Although dentists use different types of dental sedation, one of the most popular options is intravenous (IV) sedation. The dentist administers the medication through a tube that’s connected to a very thin needle. The needle is inserted into a vein in your arm or the back of your hand and stays there throughout the procedure.

Furthermore, dentists use a number of drugs for IV sedation. These include benzodiazepines, opioids, and propofol.

Drugs Commonly Used in IV Sedation


Most dentists use these anti-anxiety sedative drugs for IV sedation. Besides reducing anxiety and making you feel sleepy, benzodiazepines can also produce partial or total amnesia.

The first choice in this class of drugs is midazolam. Since it leaves the system faster than other alternatives, dentists often use it for IV sedation. Diazepam is also preferred for certain patients.


In most cases, opioids such as morphine, meperidine, or fentanyl are administered to patients intravenously as an add-on treatment to a benzodiazepine. Since opioids contribute to the sedative effect, they allow the dentist to reduce the dosage of other sedation medications. Moreover, they work to control and relieve pain during and after a dental procedure.


This medication is generally limited to a hospital setting because dentists use it for cases that necessitate deeper levels of anesthesia. Aside from requiring a specialized machine that’s programmed to deliver incremental doses for each patient, propofol also calls for careful monitoring.

Do You Need More Information About Sedation Dentistry in West Palm Beach?

IV sedation may be the right option for you if you typically feel nervous or scared when you need to see a dentist. At South Florida Sedation Dentistry, we want you to feel calm and comfortable before, during, and after your next procedure. Contact our office today to request an appointment!

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